The Amur tiger is the largest of all wild cats. Its orange coloring is paler than other tigers and stripes are brown rather than black and are widely spaced compared to other tigers. It has a white chest and belly, and a thick, white ruff of fur around its neck. In the winter, its coat grows long and shaggy to adapt to the change in temperature.
Except for a mother with cubs, Amur tigers are solitary animals. Amur tigers live in specific territories called home ranges and indicate their territories mainly by scent marking on trees, bushes, and the ground along the borders. They also often mark trees by scratching with their huge claws. Tigers are good swimmers and enjoy taking a bath in ponds or rivers. As poaching and habitat destruction take their tolls, it’s estimated that only 400-500 Amur tigers remain in the wild.
Did You Know?
- As nocturnal hunters, they stalk their prey by sneaking up to within 65 ft, then covering the remaining distance in just a few bounds.
- Male home ranges are large, sometimes 400 square miles and are occupied by a single male!
We currently have two Amur tigers here at the zoo. Sivaki, our male, was born right here at PPZ in 2005. In September 2011, Sivaki and a female named Nikka had three cubs: Ameliya, Kira and Savelii. Kira and Savelii were transferred to the Bramble Park Zoo in South Dakota January of 2014. Nikka moved to John Ball Zoo in Grand Rapids. Now, Ameliya and Sivaki live in the Feline House here at the zoo.