North American Bald Eagle

Characteristics

Female Bald Eagles are slightly larger than the males.  Immature eagles are a mottled brown and white, with the distinct white head and tail of the mature bird developing between 4-6 years of age. 

Behavior

Eagles travel by soaring and gliding on thermals, which are columns of rising air, which allows them to cover great distances without flapping their wings. Eagles follow seasonal food supplies; as lakes and streams freeze over, they must go south to find open fresh water or head to the coast.  Bald eagles are aggressive hunters but will often scavenge dead prey or even steal it from another bird when the opportunity arises.

Did You Know?  

  • When flying it can reach speeds of up to 30 mph and can dive at speeds of up to 100 mph.
  • Diurnal animals, their keen eyesight allows them to spot fish at distances of one mile.
  • The oldest documented Bald Eagle in captivity was 47 years old!

Our Animals

We have one male and two female Bald Eagles here at PPZ. All three have been rescued from the wild and are in captivity because they cannot fly due to wing injuries.  We believe the male may have sustained injuries during a dust up with a great horned owl.  All Bald Eagles in zoos are actually on loan from the US Government.

Video

Scientific Name Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Conservation Status IUCN: Least Concern
Size The Northern Bald Eagle weighs anywhere from 8 to 16 pounds and can have a wingspan of over 6 feet!
Average Lifespan 10 to 30 years in the wild, and up to 40 years in captivity.
Wild Diet Northern Bald Eagles eat fish, frogs, small mammals, insects, birds, carrion and occasionally snakes.
Found across the United States and Canada to Northwestern Alaska